Questions and Negation

Turning Statements → Questions

-mi

  • To turn a statement into a question, add the suffix -mi (pronounced /muh/)

  • For men (i) and biz (we), add -mi after the personal ending.

    • Ex. Biz baxtlimizmi? - Are we happy?

  • For all other pronouns (sen, siz/sizlar, u, ular), add -mi before the personal ending.

    • Talabamisan? - Are you a student?

    • Kasalmisiz? - Are you ill?

    • Ular surxandmilar? - Are they glad?

 

-chi

  • -chi is added to form an abbreviated question.

  • -chi translates to "what about?" (ex. What about you? - Siz-chi?)

    • Ex. Men talabaman. Siz-chi? - I am a student. What about you?

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Men talabaman. Siz-chi?

- I am a student. What about you?

Yes and No

  • Ha - Yes

  • Yo'q - no

    • Ex.

sick girl.png

Kasalmisiz? - Are you sick?

Ha, kasalman - Yes, I am

teacher.png

O'qituvchimisiz? - Are you a teacher?

Yo'q, o'qituvchi emasman. - No, I am not.

Question Words

  • kim - who, for human beings only.

    • ex. Bu kim? - Who is this?

  • nima - what, for both animate and inanimate nouns

    • ex. Bu nima? - What is this?

    • ex. Mana bu nima? - What is this, further away?

Note: -mi isn't used when question words are used

 

Negation

  • To make a negative sentence, add -emas after the noun or adjective.

  • Personal predicate endings are attached after emas

Examples:

  • Sen talaba emassan - You are not a student

  • Men o'qituvchi emasman - I am not a teacher.

Test Your Knowledge!

Uzbek 101 participants can access practice quiz questions and flashcards​. To join the course, click "Self-Paced Course" at the top of the website. 

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