Pronouns and Personal Predicate Endings
men - i
biz - we
sen - you
siz - you
(plural or formal singular)
u - he/she/they (singular)
ular - they (plural)
💡sen is 'you' for informal, used with people younger or of the same age that you've known a while; siz is used for an older person or someone with high social status
To indicate plural (rather than politeness towards one person), one may say sizlar instead of siz. Sometimes, one may say senlar to address multiple people.
Notes on pronunciations
In some Uzbek regions, men and sen are pronounced like man and san.
The "u" in u and ular is pronounced briefly (listen to audio for reference).
In biz and siz, the "b" and "s" are pronounced firmly. Also make sure to clearly pronounce the "z" (not like an "s").
The "s" in sen is pronounced softly.
Personal Predicate Endings
In English, there is a separate verb for being—"to be". In Uzbek, to be is represented by a suffix.
These suffixes are added to the noun/adjective that is being used as a predicate
A predicate is the part of the sentence which states something about the subject
The suffixes are: -man, -san, -*, -miz, -siz, -lar/ular
*There is no suffix for "u" i.e. he/she/they
The word "kasal" means sick. Therefore...
Men kasalman - I am sick.
Biz kasalmiz - We are sick
Notice how the structure subject + object + verb is utilized in the above examples.
lar is used to make objects plural too
O’zbeklar - Uzbeks
Men Feruzaman. - I am Feruza.